Areas of Research
We study learning, memory, and information processing using neuronal networks cultured in vitro.
• Multi-electrode array culture dishes
• 2-photon time-lapse optical microscopy
• high-speed imaging of neural activity
• deep-brain stimulation
We developed a new paradigm for neurobiology research, Embodied Cultured Networks, to study dissociated cultures of hundreds or thousands of mammalian neurons. We are especially interested in distributed activity patterns and information processing in these cultured networks. We give them a body, either simulated or robotic, and an environment in which to behave. We use new real-time feedback technology for 2-way communication between a computer and a cultured neural network. We are also using this technology in vivo, as a potential drug-free treatment for epilepsy.
- Ph.D. biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, Dept. of Neurobiology and Behavior, 1993
- B.A. cum laude, Chemistry/Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, 1987
- “Outstanding Faculty Award,” Georgia Tech Biomedical Engineering Society, Student Chapter, 2008
- Associate Editor, Frontiers in NeuroRobotics
- "Cutting-Edge Basic Research Award, (CEBRA)" best score for 2004, in R21 application to NIH National Institute on Drug Abuse
- "Thanks for Being a Great Teacher," Georgia Tech Center for Enhancement of Teaching and Learning, 2008
Selected Research Publications
- Chao, Z. C., Bakkum, D. J., & Potter, S. M. (2008). "Shaping Embodied Neural Networks for Adaptive Goal-directed Behavior." PLoS Computational Biology, 4(3): e1000042.
- Potter, S. M. (2007). “What Can Artificial Intelligence Get From Neuroscience?” In M. Lungarella, F. Iida, J. Bongard, & R. Pfeifer (Eds.), 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence. (pp. 174-185). Berlin:
- Bakkum, D. J., Gamblen, P. M., Ben-Ary, G., Chao, Z. C., & Potter, S.
M. (2007). "MEART: The Semi-living Artist." Frontiers in
NeuroRobotics, vol. 1, article 5, 1-10.
- Potter, S. M., Wagenaar, D. A., DeMarse, T. B. (2006) "Closing the Loop: Stimulation Feedback Systems for Embodied MEA Cultures." In Advances in Network Electrophysiology Using Multi-Electrode Arrays, M
Taketani, M Baudry eds. New York: Springer
- Potter, S. M., (2005) “Two-photon microscopy for 4D imaging of living neurons,” in Imaging in Neuroscience and Development: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edition, R. Yuste and A. Konnerth, eds, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, pp.8.18.12.
- Wagenaar, D. A., Madhavan, R., Pine, J. and Potter, S. M. (2005).
"Controlling bursting in cortical cultures with closed-loop multi- electrode stimulation." J. Neuroscience 25:680-688.
- Please visit http://www.neuro.gatech.edu/groups/potter/publications.html for the most updated list of publications.